My Recollections of The Apollo 11 Moon Landing and Moon Walk
Perhaps the most watched television event of the twentieth century happened on Monday 21st July 1969 at 12:56 pm (Australian Time).
It was one of the few times in life when you clearly remember where you were at the time.
I was in our lounge room with Chris, who was my girlfriend at the time, along with other family members, and I well remember that day.
Apollo 11 launched from Cape Kennedy on July 16, 1969, carrying Commander Neil Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin into an Earth-orbit of 116 miles.
As the Lunar Module approached the surface of the moon, an estimated 650 million people watched Armstrong’s televised image and heard his voice describe the event.
The Lunar Landing
We, along with the other 650 million people on earth, were holding our collective breath as Astronaut Neil Armstrong uttered those memorable words “The Eagle has landed!”. I clearly recall the excitement and tension in our lounge room as we watched, our eyes glued to the small black-and-white television picture.
But the excitement and relief were echoed around the world as well. The Mission Controller in Houston radioed back to Armstrong that there were “a bunch of guys there, about to turn blue”. (Ten years later, on a guided tour of Houston in 1979, I had the pleasure of seeing that same control room).
Then just a few minutes later, we heard Armstrong’s words, transmitted from 384,000 kilometers away; “That’s one small step for a man… one giant leap for mankind”.
Capturing the television signal
During those few minutes, the operators in the control centre in Houston Texas were attempting to capture and send out to the world, the clearest possible picture of Neil Armstrong’s descent down the ladder of the lunar module. Neil Armstrong was waiting on the ladder for the go-ahead to step down into the fine dust on the lunar surface. Astronaut Buzz Aldrin was waiting inside the lunar lander while Mike Collins was nervously listening and watching in the orbiting Command Module.
At the time, I was studying Communication Engineering at Melbourne’s RMIT and was particularly interested in the role Australia was playing in the relaying of the telemetry and television signals to Houston control.
Houston was having trouble capturing clear video of the event until eventually we heard the words “Switching video to Honeysuckle”. The space monitoring station at Honeysuckle Creek in Australia had managed to receive a much better picture and this was then relayed to the watching world for the remainder of the broadcast.
NASA Moon Landing Audio Recordings
In this video we have a fascinating recording of the voice communications between the moon and the earth, as the astronauts set about bringing the vehicle safely down to the surface of the moon. The video contains voice recordings of the Astronauts on board the Lunar Module (The Eagle) as it makes its powered descent to the surface of the moon. It also shows simultaneous video recording of the surface of the moon, taken from inside the lunar module.
The creators of this video stated that…
“Our goal is to capture a moment in history so that generations may now relive the events with this interactive educational resource. The world remembers the moon landing as a major historical event but often fails to recognize the scale of the mission. This interactive resource aims to educate visitors while engaging them with the excitement of manned-spaceflight to build a passion for scientific exploration”.
Australia’s Role in the Apollo 11 Mission
If you have watched the movie “The Dish” you will know of the role played in the Apollo 11 mission by the Australian tracking station at Parkes in New South Wales. Not many people however are aware of the vital role played by the other Australian tracking station at Honeysuckle Creek.
The Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station also kept recordings of the event …
This 8 minute video from Honeysuckle Creek tracking station records the event from the perspective of the Australians involved in the Space Program at the time.
“Houston, we have a problem”
Forty years after the event, a television documentary was produced, called “One Small Step” – 2009. You can watch this movie for a distinctly Australian perspective of this momentous event. See how the communication link almost didn’t happen. See the reactions of those involved when Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon and of ordinary Australians actually watching, in real time “one of mankind’s biggest achievements”.
The 50th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing
The incredible event was celebrated this month on 21st 2019.
Return to Cape Kennedy
On July 16th 2019 at 0915 US Eastern Daylight Time, the Apollo 11 Astronaut Michael Collins returned to the historic launch pad (Pad39A) where Apollo 11 began its mission 50 years ago.
He spoke with with Kennedy Centre Director Bob Cabana. The session was followed by a visit to the Launch Control Centre and Firing Room to meet up with Apollo era launch controllers.